Qualifying Conditions

UPDATED: May 21, 2015

Although cannabis remains illegal on the federal level in the United States, some individual states have legalized cannabis for valid medical purposes (and two states, Washington and Colorado have legalized cannabis both medically and recreationally).

Here’s a list of which states authorize medical marijuana for valid, qualified patients. Each entry includes a link to the state’s qualifying conditions, as well as a rundown of which medical conditions and symptoms must be verified by a physician in order to get authorized as a valid medical marijuana patient. Please note that some states allow physicians to approve other medical conditions not listed on a case-by-case basis, so check with your doctor.

Alaska

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple Sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Alaska’s application for medical marijuana registry.

Arizona

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • PTSD

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Arizona state legislature concerning medical marijuana.

California

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Anorexia
  • AIDS
  • Chronic pain
  • Cachexia
  • Persistent muscle spasms, including those associated with Multiple Sclerosis
  • Seizures, including, but not limited to, those associated with epilepsy
  • Severe nausea
  • Glaucoma
  • Arthritis
  • Migraines
  • Any other chronic or persistent medical symptom that substantially limits the ability of the person to conduct one or more major life activities, as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990; or, if not alleviated, may cause serious harm to the patient’s safety or physical or mental health.

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to California Proposition 215, with revised Senate Bill 420.

Colorado

Although Colorado has implemented a legal recreational cannabis market, it still operates medical marijuana dispensaries for valid patients. Colorado MMJ patients still pay standard sales tax on cannabis but are exempt from the high excise taxes and additional state taxes collected from recreational cannabis sales.

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe pain

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Colorado’s Debilitating Conditions for Medical Marijuana Use.

Connecticut

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity
  • Epilepsy
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Connecticut’s medical marijuana qualification requirements.

Delaware

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Intractable nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Delaware’s medical marijuana program guidelines.

District of Columbia

Qualifying conditions include:

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS)
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • decompensated cirrhosis
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Seizure disorders

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the District of Columbia’s Medical Marijuana Program Patient FAQ.

Florida

Florida only allows for the use of cannabis extracts that are low in THC and high in CBD, as well as allowing a legal defense for the use of low THC cannabis for medicinal purposes.

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Severe, debilitating epileptic conditions

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Florida Senate’s Bill Analysis.

Georgia

Georgia only allows for the use of low THC oil (less than 5% THC by weight).

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Seizure disorders related to diagnosis of epilepsy or trauma-related head injuries
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s diseas
  • Mitochondrial disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Sickle cell diease

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to House Bill 1 (Haleigh’s Hope Act).

Hawaii

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Hawaii Senate Bill 862.

Illinois

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Anorexia nervosa*
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation and Syringomelia
  • Cachexia/wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Causalgia
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
  • Chronic Post-Operative Pain*
  • Crohn’s disease
  • CRPS (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II)
  • Dystonia
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome*
  • Fibromyalgia (severe)
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Irritiable Bowel Syndrome*
  • Lupus
  • Migraines*
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Myoclonus
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Neuro-Behcet’s Autoimmune Disease*
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Neuropathy (peripheral and diabetic)*
  • Osteoarthritis*
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Polycystic kidney disease*
  • Post-concussion syndrome
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD)*
  • RSD (Complex Regional Pain Syndromes Type I)
  • Residual limb pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Seizures
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Spinal cord diesase (including, but not limited to arachnoiditis, Tarlov cysts, hydromyelia & syringomelia)
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA)
  • Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome*
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

*New conditions recommended by the Illinois Medical Cannabis Advisory Board.

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Illinois Medical Cannabis Pilot Program’s FAQ.

Iowa

Iowa allows for the use of high-CBD cannbis extracts with less than .3% THC.

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

For a complete list of guidelines, please refer to Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Act Quick Facts.

Kentucky

Kentucky allows for the use of low-THC cannabis or industrial hemp-derived CBD oil.

  • Only those who are participating in a clinical trial or expanded access program are legally allowed to possess CBD oil

For more information on accessing CBD in Kentucky, please refer to Senate Bill 124.

Maine

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Chronic pain (which has not responded to conventional therapy for more than six months)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C (active form)
  • HIV
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS)
  • Seizure disorders
  • Severe muscle spasms (including multiple sclerosis and other diseases causing severe and persistent muscle spasms)
  • Severe nausea

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Maine’s medical use of marijuana guidelines.

Maryland

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe, debilitating, or chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Maryland Senate Bill 757.

Massachusetts

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Massachusetts medical use of marijuana overview.

Michigan

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Cachexia (wasting disease)
  • Severe and chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures
  • Epilepsy
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Michigan Medical Marihuana Registry Program FAQ.

Mississippi

Mississippi allows access to CBD oil only.  Qualifying conditions include:

  • Debilitating epileptic seizure disorders

Must receive medical recommendation by physician from University of Mississippi Medical Center to participate in clinical trial.  For more information, please refer to House Bill 1231 or Harper Grace’s Law.

Montana

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Chronic pain
  • Intractable nausea or vomiting
  • Epilepsy or an intractable seizure disorder
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • A central nervous system disorder resulting in chronic, painful spasticity or muscle spasms

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Montana Code Annotated 2013.

Nevada

Qualifying conditions include:

  • AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Condition or treatment for a medical condition that produces cachexia (general physical wasting and malnutrition)
  • Persistent muscle spasms (including multiple sclerosis)
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe pain

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Nevada Medical Marijuana Program.

New Hampshire

Qualifying conditions include:

  • A chronic or terminal disease
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Severe nausea/vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Severe, persistent muscle spasms

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to New Hampshire House Bill 573.

New Jersey

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Terminal cancer
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Terminal illness if the physician has determined a prognosis of less than 12 months of life
  • Seizure disorder, including epilepsy
  • Intractable skeletal muscular spasticity
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the New Jersey Medicinal Marijuana Program.

New Mexico

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Severe chronic pain
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • Intractable nausea/vomiting
  • Severe anorexia
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome
  • Hepatitis C infection currently receiving antiviral treatment
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with intractable spasticity
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
  • Hospice patients

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the New Mexico Medical Cannabis Program FAQ.

New York

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBS)
  • Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS)
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Neuropathies
  • Spinal cord damage

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the New York State Medical Marijuana Program FAQ.

Oregon

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Alzheimer’s
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including but not limited to seizures caused by epilepsy
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act.

Rhode Island

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including but not limited to those characteristic of epilepsy
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to Rhode Island’s medical marijuana approved qualifying debilitating medical conditions.

South Carolina

South Carolina allows for CBD oil only.  Qualifing conditions include:

  • Certain forms of epilepsy as part of a state-run clinical trial

For more infomation, please refer to the Medical Cannabis Therapeutic Treatment Research Act.

Vermont

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Vermont patient marijuana registry FAQ.

Washington

Although Washington voters have passed Initiative 502, which will result in a legal recreational cannabis market, it will not debut until late spring/early summer 2014. Until that time, cannabis can still only be acquired by valid medical marijuana patients.

Qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
  • Spasticity disorders
  • Intractable pain
  • Glaucoma
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Diseases, including anorexia, which result in nausea, vomiting, wasting, appetite loss, cramping, seizures, muscle spasms, or spasticity

For a complete list of qualifying conditions and guidelines, please refer to the Washington state legislature regarding medical cannabis.